Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn originally spelled Rembrandt (born July 15, 1606, Leiden, Netherlands—died October 4, 1669, Amsterdam), was a Dutch painter and printmaker and one of the greatest storytellers in the history of art, possessing an exceptional ability to portray people in their various moods and dramatic guises. Because of his empathy for the human condition, he has been rightly called "one of the great prophets of civilization." Rembrandt is also known as a painter of light and shade and as an artist who favored an uncompromising realism that would lead some critics to claim that he preferred ugliness to beauty.
Early in his career and for some time, Rembrandt painted mainly portraits. Roughly one-tenth of his painted and etched oeuvre consists of studies of his own face as well as more formal self-portraits, a fact that has led to much speculation. However, it is his collection of self-portraits, painted over the whole of his working life - up to the year of his death, at the age of 63 - that is generally considered his most enduring legacy. The core of Rembrandt’s oeuvre, however, consists of biblical and to a much lesser extent historical, mythological, and allegorical “history pieces,” all of which he painted, etched, or sketched in pen and ink or chalk. His approach to composition and his rendering of space and light as in his handling of contour form, and color, his brushwork, and his drawings and etchings along with his treatment of line and tone are subject to gradual transformation, even within a single work. His painting Night Watch (1640/42) was clearly a turning point in his stylistic development.
There are many interesting facts about him. Rembrandt didn't come from a family of artists or craftsman, as did many of his contemporaries. His father was a miller and his mother was from a family of bakers. Though he was a successful portrait painter in his early days, Rembrandt's later years were marked by financial hardships. It is believed that Rembrandt's eyes failed to align correctly, and he suffered from stereo blindness. This was the conclusion after studying 36 of Rembrandt's self-portraits. His most famous works include Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulip (1632), Belshazzar's Feast (1635), Night Watch (1642), Bathsheba at Her Bath (1654) and Syndics of the Drapers' Guild (1662). Rembrandt died at the age of 63 on October 4, 1669 in Amsterdam.
He was a success during his lifetime, but lived beyond his means and was buried in an unmarked grave.replica rolex submariner
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Google has used its search page doodle to celebrate the 407th anniversary of the birth, in Leyden, Holland, of the Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn.