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PATACHITRA

Posted on 13 May 2013 by IAC| 0 comment

Episodes from mythology, religious themes and Gods painted on a piece of cloth make this form of art totally unique. The tradition of making Patachitra paintings goes back to the 8th century A.D. Practiced mostly among the tribes of Orissa, the origin of these paintings is linked with the famous Jagannath Temple. This style was kept alive by its huge demand from all over the world by the devotees of Lord Jagannath of Puri. Colorful pallets of the artists, strokes of red, white, yellow, and blue were all derived from natural elements without the use of toxic chemicals and paints, thus making this practice completely harmonious with nature,. Stories from the Ramayana, Mahabharata and the eternal bonding of Radha and Krishna are not only confined to treated textiles, popularly called the Patta. These illustrations are also portrayed on bottles, bowls and outer husks of coconuts. Intricate detailing and exquisite artistry is what makes this unique and stand out in its own right. Traditionally, only male Chitrakars used to practice this art form but in later years, women artists also joined in and slowly carved a niche for themselves. Patachitra painting in India is highly extolled by art critics for the depiction of extraordinary and unbelievable pictorial conceptions. Added to the glory of Patachitra paintings are the distinctive and pictorial conventions and the wayward color schemes they possess.

CHINESE CERAMICS

Posted on 26 April 2013 by IAC| 0 comment

Chinese ceramics has been famous through the ages as one of the most significant forms of Chinese art. Artistic refinement, innovative art and diversity make this type of art flawless and extraordinaire. Chinese Ceramics range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, hand-made pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns to the sophisticated Chinese porcelain wares made especially for the imperial court. Chinese contribution to ceramic art is worth mentioning and their porcelain pots, bowls and dishes all have a unique story to narrate. Decorated with scenes from Chinese novels, these dishes are prominent for their unique designs and color schemes. The first type of ceramics was made during the Palaeolithic era. The global impact of this art has been very strong. From simple pottery, it has transformed itself to a precious and much prized collector’s item and has often been handed down over the ages as family heirlooms.

Etching

Posted on 19 April 2013 by IAC| 0 comment

Etching


Etching is a form of printing that along with engraving comes under the category of Intaglio. The techniques of etching and engraving are believed to have originated in medieval times for decorating armour and metal. Images printed (etchings) by this process are the result of ink being forced out of the incised lines on zinc or copper plate using a heavy press. This results in slightly raised ink on the paper and a characteristic plate mark showing the edges of the plate. The incised lines would often be filled to darken them and from this it would have been a short step to transferring the image to cloth or paper. This process has withstood the ravages of time and is still practised widely all over the world.  


Fresco Painting

Posted on 11 April 2013 by IAC| 0 comment

FRESCO PAINTINGS


Fresco Painting is a method of painting water-based pigments on freshly applied plaster, usually on wall surfaces. Regarded as the mother of all arts these are the oldest forms of paintings. The origin of fresco paintings are unknown but were used by ancient Romans. Roughly known, the first fresco-type paintings date back to no less than 30,000 years with the paintings created in the Chauvet cave in France. Some 15,000 years ago frescoes were created in other caves in Lascaux, France and Altamira, Spain. The early frescoes, painted on the limestone walls of the caves, contained remarkably expressive and realistic figures of horses, bison, bears, lions, mammoths, and rhinoceroses, which continue to fascinate researchers and art historians. Fresco painting is ideal for making murals because it lends itself to a monumental style, is durable, and has a matte surface. This technique involves drafting skills, knowledge of water and oil mediums, and understanding of composition, traditional techniques and history of styles. The frescoes on the ceilings and walls of the Ajanta Caves were painted between c. 200 BC and 600 and are the oldest known frescoes in India. They depict the Jataka tales that are stories of the Buddha’s life in his former existences as Bodhisattva. These frescoes have withstood the ravages of time and are much revered in the Buddhist world.